Springfield rifle serial number dating
The Lee rifle's detachable box magazine was invented by James Paris Lee, and would be very influential on later rifle designs. military held a series of rifle trials, resulting in the adoption of the .30 Krag–Jørgensen rifle. Thousands of Spanish Mauser Model 93 rifles, surrendered by Spanish troops in Cuba, were returned to the U. and extensively studied at Springfield Armory, where it was decided that the Mauser was the superior design. Springfield began work on creating a rifle that could handle higher loads around the turn of the 20th century.
Other advancements had made it clear that the Army needed a replacement. A prototype rifle was produced in 1900; it was very similar to Rifle No. The Springfield Model 1901 prototype combined the cock-on-opening bolt, 30" barrel, magazine cutoff, stock and sights of the Krag-Jørgensen with the dual locking lugs, external claw extractor, and staggered-column magazine of the 1893 Mauser.
The War Department had exhaustively studied and dissected several examples of the Spanish Mauser Model 1893 rifle captured during the Spanish–American War, and applied some features of the U. Krag rifle to a bolt and magazine system derived from the Mauser Model 93, to produce the new U. By January 1905 over 80,000 of these rifles had been produced at the federally owned Springfield Armory.The round itself was based on the .30-03, but rather than a 220-grain (14 g) round-tip bullet fired at 2,300 ft/s (700 m/s), it had a 150-grain (9.7 g) pointed bullet fired at 2,800 ft/s (850 m/s); the case neck was a fraction of an inch shorter as well.The new American cartridge was designated "Cartridge, Ball, Caliber .30, Model of 1906".The M1906 cartridge is better known as the .30-06 Springfield round used in many rifles and machine guns, and is still a popular civilian cartridge to the present day.The rifle's sights were again re-tooled to compensate for the speed and trajectory of the new cartridge.
Following then-current trends in service rifles, the barrel was shortened to 24" after it was discovered that a longer barrel offered no appreciable ballistic advantage, and the shorter barrel was lighter and easier to handle.