Early navajo residence dating
(Courtesy National Park Service) Welcome to the dark side of the moon," says Taft Blackhorse.He and fellow Navajo Nation archaeologist John Stein are showing me the desolate and windswept site of Kin Klizhin, or "Black Charcoal" in Navajo.The lonely, multistory masonry structure, or "great house," is our first stop in Chaco Culture National Historical Park in northwestern New Mexico.The two have brought me here to explain the origins of the ancient people known as the Anasazi, a sophisticated culture that thrived in the Four Corners region from about a.d. Blackhorse and Stein tell a story about Chaco Canyon's dozens of great houses that you won't find in any archaeology textbooks.Much of Chaco's history remains shrouded in mystery, but the orthodox interpretation is that by 1050, it had become a ceremonial, administrative, and economic center.The massive great houses, the largest of which stood more than three stories tall, were connected by roads linking 150 of them in the Four Corners region.They also don't think that the modern Hopi of Arizona and the Rio Grande Pueblo groups of New Mexico are the sole heirs to Chaco's cultural heritage.Instead, the two contend that Chaco was a melting pot of various Native American groups, and argue that Navajo cosmology, oral tradition, and Chaco's building design all point to a strong link between the Navajo and the Anasazi.
Native American Hogan The hogan was the home built by the Navajo people of the Southwest.
What kinds of homes they lived in depended on the materials that they had available where they lived.
It also depended on the kind of lifestyle that they lived as well as the environment. This meant that the entire village would travel from place to place.
Most scholars agree Chaco served as a special gathering place, where many Pueblo peoples and clans converged to share their ceremonies and traditions.
But Blackhorse and Stein disagree with this benign view of Chaco.
He has put in 40 years studying Chaco alone and is the supervisory archaeologist for the Chaco Sites Protection Program, which represents Navajo interests in the management of sites associated with the canyon.