Dating in yemen
The kingdom of Saba, with its capital, Marib, had existed since the first millennium is depicted in the Koran as a punishment from God.
The prosperity of the principal rival kingdoms, Saba, Hadhramaut, Awsan, Qataban, and Ma'in, was based on the cultivation and overland exportation of frankincense, myrrh, and spices to the Mediterranean.
It is an area of fishing, commerce, and trade in the ports of al-Mukha (Mocha) and al-Hudayda as well as agriculture in oases (the main crops are millet, maize, sugarcane, watermelons, tobacco, and cotton) as well as livestock breeding.
Handicrafts are made in Zabid, Bayt al-Faqih, and other centers.
The capital is Sana'a, and Aden is referred to as the country's economic capital.
The approximate size of the nation, since some of its borders are not demarcated, is 187,000 square miles (North: 75,000 square miles; South: 112,000 square miles), or 482,100 square kilometers. The Tihama, a coastal plain and hilly area along the Red Sea, is fifteen to twenty-five miles (twenty-five to forty kilometers) wide.
Inhabitants feel that they have a common culture, although local and class identities are still important. Medieval Arab geographers thought of Yemen as covering the entire southern strip of the Arabian peninsula, from the mountainous southwest, including Najran and Asir, to Hadhramaut and Oman on the east.
The adjacent Mahra province and Socotra island are culturally related to this zone.
The birthrate is high, and almost half the population is under fifteen years of age. Yemenis speak Arabic, which belongs to the Semitic language family.
Classical Arabic, the language of Islam and the Koran, is used on formal occasions.
The spoken dialects, whose areas roughly correspond to the six cultural zones, are used in everyday life.
Some groups have maintained their ancient oral tongues of the south Arabic branch.
Date palms are cultivated in small oases, and the population is semi nomadic.