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Injured robin in Ontario had a porcupine quill in its neck, however unsure if injured from direct contact or secondarily injured ( Campbell, R.
PT, he opened fire on a crowd of more than 22,000 concert-goers from his hotel room on the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino. Differential response of nest predators to the presence of a decoy parent in artificial nests. Mobbing and attacking appear beneficial only when robins are confined to territories, and the presence of young on territories further increases the amount of parental mobbing. Visual displays typical of mobbing consist of intention movements to approach or flee, such as wing-flicking, tail-wagging, and nervous hopping. Calls are generally ≥ 0.1 s in duration and of a narrow range of frequencies (). Breeding density and reproductive success of robins in relation to habitat structure on logged areas of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Experiments with taxidermy robin decoys in Illinois indicate that parental attendance is a strong deterrent to depredation and nests with decoys/parents were more likely to be attacked by mammalian predators, like raccoons, than were unattended nests, which were primarily attacked by avian predators ( Swanson, L., R.